★★☆How Gold Became the Gold Standard for Trade

2012年07月11日 ★★☆, 2013年6月以前の記事, Business, News Articles, VOA.

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*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.

 Vocabulary

*Read the words carefully

  1. Inflation /inˈflāSHən/ (n.) a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money
  2. Dense /dens/ (adj.) compact, solid and heavy, the opposite of soft
  3. Devalue /dēˈvalyoo/ (v.) reduce the official value of (a currency) in relation to other currencies
  4. Debt /det/ (n.) an obligation to repay some amount owed. This may or may not be monetary.
  5. Crucify /ˈkroosəˌfī/ (v.) put (someone) to death by nailing or binding them to a cross, esp. as an ancient punishment

 

 

Article

How Gold Became the Gold Standard for Trade

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(1) The best example of something is often called the “gold standard.” It sets the standard against which other things are measured. In economics, the term describes how major trading nations once used gold to set currency values and exchange rates. Many nations continued to use the gold standard until the last century.

(2) In the United States, people could exchange paper money for gold from the eighteen seventies until nineteen thirty-three. Then-President Richard Nixon finally disconnected the dollar from the value of gold in nineteen seventy-one. From time to time, some politicians call for a return to the gold standard.

(3) But in nineteen seventy eight, the International Monetary Fund ended an official gold price. The IMF also ended the required use of gold in transactions with its member countries.

(4) Since that time, gold prices have grown. But the growth was uneven. Prices — uncorrected for inflation – continue near record highs. Gold is trading above one thousand six hundred dollars an ounce. An ounce is about twenty-eight grams.

(5) But people keep buying. Some people are “gold bugs.” These are investors who say people should buy gold to protect against inflation.

(6) People have valued gold for thousands of years. The soft, dense metal polishes to a bright yellow shine and resists most chemical reactions. It makes a good material for money, political power — and, more recently, electrical power. If you own a device like a mobile phone or a computer, you might own a little gold in the wiring.

(7) The gold standard was the subject of one of the best-known speeches in American political history. It took place at the eighteen ninety-six Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

(8) William Jennings Bryan wanted the country to use both gold and silver as money. The idea was to devalue the dollar and make it easier for farmers to pay their debts. Here is Bryan reading his speech much later, in nineteen twenty-one.

(9) WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN: “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”

(10) The speech made William Jennings Bryan famous. He was a presidential candidate three times. But he never won.

Discussion

*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below

  1. Do you want gold? Have you seen a gold bar?
  2. Would you like to replace the paper money with gold bars?
  3. If you have gold bars, how would you spend it these days?