★★☆TED Lesson / Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford Commencement Address, Lesson3（スティーブ・ジョブズのスタンフォード大学での伝説の講演）2012年08月03日 ★★☆, business, design, technology, TED.
At his Stanford University commencement speech, Steve Jobs, CEO and co-founder of Apple and Pixar, urges us to pursue our dreams and see the opportunities in life’s setbacks — including death itself.
*There is a word list below the script. The list includes blue colored words which are in the script.
音声ファイルはTEDで公開されていません。iTunesにあるiTunesUで”Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford Commencement Address”という名前で検索してください。映像ファイルと音声ファイルのダウンロードが出来ます。
We’ve divided the speech into 3 lessons. This is the third lesson of the Steve Jobs speech.
(15) JOBS: My third story is about death. When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.
(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)
JOBS: It made an impression on me. And since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself, if today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today? And whenever the answer has been no for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something. Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything, all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure, these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
(16) About a year ago, I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try and tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
(17) I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening, I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines; put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife who was there told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and, thankfully, I’m fine now.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
(18) JOBS: This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept, no one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven, don’t want to die to get there, and yet…
(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)
(19) JOBS: …death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it, and that is as it should be, because death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It’s life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true. Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
(20) JOBS: When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand, not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late ’60′s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form 35 years before Google came along. It was idealistic, overflowing with neat tools and great notions.
(21) Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words, stay hungry. Stay foolish. It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay hungry. Stay foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you. Stay Hungry. Stay foolish. Thank you all very much.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below.
Viewpoints and discussions
- What things do you really want to achieve in your life before you die?
- If you knew you’d have only a month to live, what are you going to do with your last month?
- Explain the quote “Stay hungry. Stay foolish”. What do you think it means?
(15) quote noun (informal) 1 = QUOTATION (1):
quotation /kwəʊˈteɪʃn / noun 1 (also quote) [C] a group of words or a short piece of writing taken from a book, play, speech, etc. and repeated because it is interesting or useful:
certainly /ˈsᴈːtnli;/ adv. 1 without doubt SYN DEFINITELY:
impression /ɪmˈpreʃn/ noun ‣IDEA/OPINION 1 ～ (of sb/sth)| ～ (that … ) an idea, a feeling or an opinion that you get about sb/sth, or that sb/sth gives you:
in a ˈrow 1 if sth happens several times in a row, it happens in exactly the same way each time, and nothing different happens in the time between:
encounter /ɪnˈkaʊntə(r)/ verb [VN] 2 (formal) to meet sb, or discover or experience sth, especially sb/sth new, unusual or unexpected SYN COME ACROSS:
external /ɪkˈstᴈːnl;/ adj. 1 connected with or located on the outside of sth/sb:
embarrassment /ɪmˈbærəsmənt/ noun 2 [C] ～ (to/for sb) a situation which causes problems for sb:
fall aˈway, to become gradually fewer or smaller; to disappear:
trap /træp/ noun ‣FOR ANIMALS 1 a piece of equipment for catching animals:
(16) diagnose /ˈdaɪəgnəʊz / verb ～ sb (as/with) (sth)| ～ sth (as sth) to say exactly what an illness or the cause of a problem is:
tumour (BrE) (tumor) /ˈtjuːmə(r);/ noun a mass of cells growing in or on a part of the body where they should not, usually causing medical problems:
pancreas /ˈpæŋkriəs/ noun an organ near the stomach that produces INSULIN and a liquid that helps the body to DIGEST food
incurable /ɪnˈkjʊərəbl;/adj. 1 that cannot be cured:
button /ˈbʌtn/ verb 1 [VN] ～ sth (up) to fasten sth with buttons:
(17) diagnosis /ˌdaɪəgˈnəʊsɪs; / noun [C, U] (pl. diag・noses /―siːz/) ～ (of sth) the act of discovering or identifying the exact cause of an illness or a problem:
biopsy /ˈbaɪɒpsi;/ noun (pl. ―ies) the removal and examination of TISSUE from the body of sb who is ill/sick, in order to find out more about their disease
endoscope /ˈendəskəʊp;/ noun an instrument used in medical operations which consists of a very small camera on a long thin tube which can be put into a person’s body so that the parts inside can be seen
throat /Ѳrəʊt;/ noun 1 a passage in the neck through which food and air pass on their way into the body; the front part of the neck:
intestine /ɪnˈtestɪn/ noun [usually pl.] a long tube in the body between the stomach and the ANUS. Food passes from the stomach to the small intestine and from there to the large intestine.
sedate /sɪˈdeɪt/ verb [VN] [often passive] to give sb drugs in order to make them calm and or to make them sleep
surgery /ˈsᴈːdʒəri;/ noun (pl. ―ies) 1 [U] medical treatment of injuries or diseases that involves cutting open a person’s body and often removing or replacing some parts; the branch of medicine connected with this treatment:
(19) destination /ˌdestɪˈneɪʃn/ noun a place to which sb/sth is going or being sent:
agent /ˈeɪdʒənt/ noun 4 (formal) a person or thing that has an important effect on a situation: 5 (technical) a chemical or a substance that produces an effect or a change or is used for a particular purpose:
clear ˈout | ˌclear sth↔ˈout to make sth empty and clean by removing things or throwing things away:
dogma /ˈdɒgmə/ noun [U, C] (often disapproving) a belief or set of beliefs held by a group or organization, which others are expected to accept without argument:
drown /draʊn/ verb 1 to die because you have been underwater too long and you cannot breathe; to kill sb in this way:
intuition /ˌɪntjuˈɪʃn/ noun 1 [U] the ability to know sth by using your feelings rather than considering the facts
secondary /ˈsekəndri/ adj 1 ～ (to sth) less important than sth else:
(20) publication /ˌpʌblɪˈkeɪʃn/ noun 1 [U, C] the act of printing a book, a magazine, etc. and making it available to the public; a book, a magazine, etc. that has been published:
fellow /ˈfeləʊ;/ noun 1 (informal, becoming old―fashioned) a way of referring to a man or boy:
come aˈlong, 1 to arrive; to appear:
idealistic /ˌaɪdiəˈlɪstɪk/ adj.having a strong belief in perfect standards and trying to achieve them, even when this is not realistic:
overflow /ˌəʊvəˈfləʊ;/ verb 1 ～ (with sth)| ～ sth to be so full that the contents go over the sides: 3 ～ (into sth) to spread beyond the limits of a place or container that is too full:
neat /niːt/ adj 1 tidy and in order; carefully done or arranged:
notion /ˈnəʊʃn / noun ～ (that … )| ～ (of sth) an idea, a belief or an understanding of sth:
(21) issue /ˈɪʃuː/ noun ‣MAGAZINE/NEWSPAPER 3 [C] one of a regular series of magazines or newspapers:
run/take its ˈcourse to develop in the usual way and come to the usual end:
hitchhike /ˈhɪtʃhaɪk/ verb [V] to travel by asking for free rides in other people’s cars, by standing at the side of the road and trying to get passing cars to stop:
adventurous /ədˈventʃərəs/ adj. 1 (of a person) willing to take risks and try new ideas; enjoying being in new, exciting situations:
farewell /ˌfeəˈwel / noun [C, U] the act of saying goodbye to sb:
sign ˈoff 1 (BrE) to end a letter SYN FINISH: 2 to end a broadcast by saying goodbye or playing a piece of music
anew /əˈnju/ adv. (formal) if sb does sth anew, they do it again from the beginning or do it in a different way:
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