★☆☆Clashes Intensify on Turkish-Syrian Border

2012年10月18日 ★☆☆, 2013年6月以前の記事, News Articles, VOA, World.

Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.

*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.


*Read the words carefully.

  1. intervention /ˌintərˈvenCHən/ (n.) involved in something such as a conflict in order to have an influence on what happens
  2. shatter /ˈSHatər/ (vb.) break or cause to break suddenly and violently into pieces
  3. amputee /ˌampyəˈtē/ (n.) a person who has had a limb amputated
  4. dissatisfied /disˈsatisˌfīd/ (adj.) not content or happy with something
  5. rhetoric /ˈretərik/ (n.) the art or skill of speaking or writing formally and effectively especially as a way to persuade or influence people


Clashes Intensify on Turkish-Syrian Border

* Read the text below

MP3 Download (right-click or option-click and save)

(1) A Syrian artillery attack this week killed five civilians in Turkey. It was one of the most serious cross-border incidents since the fighting in Syria began a year and a half ago.

(2) Forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad are accused of firing a shell that struck a house in Akcakale on Wednesday. Two women and three children died. Turkish forces shelled Syrian targets to answer the attack.

(3) Also, Turkey’s parliament passed a one-year measure approving military intervention into Syria if necessary. Under the Turkish constitution, the government needs that permission to operate outside Turkey.

(4) Parliament easily passed the measure, but the main opposition party voted against it. And opinion surveys show that the Turkish public strongly opposes any heavy military action against Syria.

(5) Inside Syria, the war continues with intensity. In Aleppo, the country’s largest city, the few hospitals that are still open are struggling to treat victims of the conflict. VOA reporter Scott Bobb and cameraman Sebastian Meyer visited one of those hospitals.

(6) SCOTT BOBB: “Dar al-Shifa Hospital in Aleppo. Staff treat soldiers of the rebel Free Syria Army wounded in various battles this morning. They are also treating civilians. This boy was hit by a bullet. It went through his shoulder and lodged in his chest. This family arrives in panic and in grief. A mortar shell hit their home. Two babies are among the wounded. A teenager arrives with a shattered leg. He will survive but as an amputee. The father lies on the sidewalk. He died before reaching the hospital, hit by shrapnel in the head.”

(7) The hospital was heavily damaged and is able to provide only emergency first aid. After treatment, the wounded are sent home or, if they need more attention, to Turkey — two hours away.

(8) The Syrian conflict sometimes spills into Turkey, as the attack on Wednesday showed. Turkey has sent more troops to the border since Syrian anti-aircraft fire shot down a Turkish warplane in June. But Cengiz Aktar, a political scientist at Istanbul’s Bahcesehir University, says there is no desire for a war with Syria.

(9) CENGIZ AKTAR: “Turkey is entering quite a difficult period economically speaking and I do not think they would like to add more expenditure to their already very strained budget.”

(10) Turkey’s forces are much larger and more modern than Syrian forces. But the Turkish military is battling Kurdish rebels. And it has other issues requiring its attention. Last month, more than three hundred army officers were found guilty of plotting against Turkey’s government.

(11) The government has, in the past, said it would not intervene by itself in Syria. But Turkey is finding little international support for intervention from the United Nations or NATO. And political observer Sinan Ulgen says Turkey has been generally dissatisfied with international reaction to the Syrian crisis.

(12) SINAN ULGEN: “Turkey feels that it has been left alone to deal with crisis on Syria. The international community, despite having engaged in the rhetoric of the responsibility to protect, did not live up to the bargain.”


*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below

  1. If war would break out, would you be willing to die defending your country? Why or why not?
  2. Have you ever been hospitalized from an accident or from a sickness? How bad was it?
  3. What do you think are other reasons for countries to start war?


English Compositions

*Let’s make English compositions using the expressions from the article.

(1) The hospital was heavily damaged and is able to provide only emergency first aid.

EX) The hospital was (adverb) damaged and is able to (verb) only emergency first aid.

(2) The (noun) last week (verb) the defendants from selling (noun) and any other software that interferes with computer use.

EX) The judgment last week bars the defendants from selling computer security software and any other software that interferes with computer use.