Hey Greenhorn!

2013年10月23日 VOA, Words and Their Stories.

Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.

*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.


*Read the words carefully.

  1. ripe /ˈraɪp/ (adj.)of fruits and vegetables : fully grown and developed and ready to be eaten
  2. greenhorn /ˈgri:nˌhoɚn/ (n.)a person who lacks experience and knowledge
  3. frighten /ˈfraɪtn̩/ (v.)to cause (someone) to become afraid
  4. affect /əˈfɛkt/ (v.)to produce an effect on (someone or something): such as a : to act on (someone or something) and cause a change
  5. jealousy /ˈʤɛləsi/(n.)an unhappy or angry feeling of wanting to have what someone else hassomething


Hey Greenhorn!

* Read the text below

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 (1)Green is an important color in nature. It is the color of grass and the leaves on trees. It is also the color of most growing plants.

(2) Sometimes, the word green means young, fresh and growing.

(3) Sometimes, it describes something that is not yet ripe or finished. For example, a “greenhorn” is someone who has no experience, who is new to a situation. In the 15th century, a “greenhorn” was a young cow or ox whose horns had not yet developed. A century or so later, a “greenhorn” was a soldier who had not yet had any experience in battle. By the 18th century, a “greenhorn” had the meaning it has today — a person who is new in a job.

(4) About 100 years ago, “greenhorn” was a popular expression in the American West. Old-timers used it to describe a man who had just arrived from one of the big cities back east. The “greenhorn” lacked the skills he would need to live in the hard, rough country

(5) Someone who has the ability to grow plants well is said to have “a green thumb.” The expression comes from the early 1900s.

(6) A person with a green thumb seems to have a magic touch that makes plants grow quickly and well. You might say that the woman next door “has a green thumb” if her garden continues to grow long after your plants have died.

(7) “The Green Revolution” is the name given some years ago to the development of new kinds of rice and other grains. The new plants produced much larger crops. “The Green Revolution” was the result of hard work by agricultural scientists who had “green thumbs.”

(8) Green is also the color used to describe the powerful emotion, jealousy. The “green-eyed monster” is not a frightening creature from outer space; it is an expression used about 400 years ago by British writer William Shakespeare in his play “Othello.”

(9) It describes the unpleasant feeling a person has when someone has something he wants. A young man may suffer from the “green-eyed monster” if his girlfriend begins going out with someone else. Or, that “green-eyed monster” may affect your friend if you get a pay raise and she does not.

(10) In most places in the world, a “green light” is a signal to move ahead. A “green light” on a traffic signal means your car can continue on. In everyday speech, a “green light” means “approval to continue with a project.” We want you to know we have “a green light” to continue this series next week.


*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below

  1. Do you consider yourself as a greenthumb? What are the plants that you have grown?
  2. Do you like the green color? What can you first think of when they mention the color Green?
  3. Do you believe that jealousy is a powerful emotion? Have you ever been jealous/ envious about something?

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