Read and understand the story. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- urbanization /ˌɚbənəˈzeɪʃən/ (n.)
- luxury /ˈlʌkʃəri/ (n. )
- struggle /ˈstrʌgəl/ (v. )
the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas
something that is helpful or welcome and that is not usually or always available
to try very hard to do, achieve, or deal with something that is difficult or that causes problems
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(1) Many of India’s biggest cities are struggling. They have too many people and not enough places for them to work, live and play. They often lack services, including effective public transportation and recreational areas, like parks.
(2) The number of people living in cities in the fast-growing nation is expected to rise to 814 million by 2050. This kind of sharp growth is known as “mass urbanization.” It has happened before only in China.
(3) To deal with the predicted growth, India will build many “smart cities.” These cities will have clean water, waste collection and a power center. These are luxuries for many Indians.
(4) A year ago, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a plan to build 100 smart cities by 2022, at a cost of one trillion dollars. He hopes the construction of the cities will provide jobs for the one million Indians who join the workforce every month.
(5) The first smart city is near Gandhinagar, the capital of the state of Gujarat. It is called Gujarat International Finance Tec-City, or GIFT. The Indian government hopes it will be a model for future Indian cities.
(6) Officials hope to persuade banks and other businesses to open in GIFT. To do that, the government is reducing their taxes and giving them other financial benefits.
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