Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- productivity /ˌproʊdəkˈtɪvəti/ (n.) the rate at which goods are produced or work is completed
- refined /rɪˈfaɪnd/ (adj.) free of unwanted substances
- stalk /ˈstɑ:k/ (n.) a thick or tall stem of a plant
- tax break /ˈtæks ˈbreɪk/ (phrase) is a term referring to any item which avoids taxes, including any tax exemption, tax deduction, or tax credit.
- dependence /dɪˈpɛndəns/ (n.) the state of being dependent; the state of needing something or someone else for support, help, etc.
* Read the text below
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(1)Farmers in northern Nigeria say their land could be some of the most productive for sugar in West Africa. But they say that productivity is wasted without big local buyers.
(2)The Nigerian government has a new plan designed to help the local industry. For now, farmers sell sugar cane as snacks on the street while the country imports 97 percent of the sugar it uses.
(3)Mallam Usman Abdu Gubuci has five hectares of land. He describes himself as one of the sugar farming “giants” in his area. He says his part of northern Nigeria could be a major supplier of sugar to West Africa. But he says farmers no longer even bother to grow sugar that can be refined.
(4)“There is special sugar cane for that sugar, which we were introduced with. But when we planted it, no buyer. In other words, no industry to buy it.”
(5)Instead, he says, all of his product goes to local markets, and people drink sugar water from the sugar cane stalks. And while these stalks do sell, he says, it is not a business that can grow.
(6)Last fall, the Nigerian government introduced a plan to decrease sugar imports and boost Nigerian production. The plan includes increasing taxes on imported sugar and giving tax breaks to anyone who wants to invest in local sugar refinement. It also calls for no import duties on machinery used for processing sugar.
(7)Sugar officials say Nigeria spent $620 million on sugar imports in 2012. They do not expect that number to go down immediately.
(8)Hajiya Bilkisu Mohammed heads the Association of Women Farmers in northern Nigeria. She says part of the reason local farmers cannot sell sugar for refining is that factories in this part of Nigeria face continual electrical shortages. The factories depend on costly power generators.
(9)Saidu Usman Gwambe is a sugar cane farmer. He says his land could be very profitable, but he is not sure how much longer he can wait for a government rescue.
(10)In recent months the Nigerian government has also announced plans to reduce imports of other food products. In January, President Goodluck Jonathan promised to increase food production by 20 million metric tons by 2015. Doing this, he says, will create 3.5 million jobs and reduce Nigeria’s dependence on imports.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- What is the primary source of livelihood for most rural areas in your country?
- How does your government help in supporting small businesses?
- What do you think of people who import products from other countries? And what’s your opinion about imported goods/services?
*Let’s make English compositions using the words from the article.
EX) But he says farmers no longer even bother to grow sugar that can be refined.
EX) He says, all of his product goes to local markets, and people drink sugar water from the sugar cane stalks.