Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- repeatedly /rɪˈpi:tədli/ (adv.) said, done, or happening again and again
- tuberculosis //tʊˌbɚkjəˈloʊsəs/ (v.) a serious disease that mainly affects the lungs —called also TB (old-fashioned) consumption
- influential /ˌɪnfluˈɛnʃəl/ (adj.) having the power to cause changes : having influence
- apartheid /əˈpɑɚˌteɪt/ (n.)a former social system in South Africa in which black people and people from other racial groups did not have the same political and economic rights as white people and were forced to live separately from white people
- tremendous /trɪˈmɛndəs/ (adj.) very large or great
* Read the text below
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(1)People around the world are remembering Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first black president. He died Thursday at the age of 95.
(2) South African President Jacob Zuma said the nation “has lost its greatest son, and our people have lost a father.”
(3) Mandela had been in poor health for several years. He was repeatedly treated in hospitals, most recently for a lung infection. He became infected with tuberculosis many years ago while in prison.
(4) Nelson Mandela was the main leader in efforts to end white minority rule in South Africa. He spent 27 years in prison for his part in fighting apartheid — the nation’s policy of discrimination against blacks.
(5) Many world leaders, past and present, are remembering Nelson Mandela.
(6) Frederick W. de Klerk was South Africa’s last apartheid leader. He freed Mandela from prison in 1990. Later, the two men won the Nobel Peace Prize. Mr. de Klerk said people will remember Mandela for the importance he placed on reconciliation — being able to reach a settlement between conflicting sides. He said their relationship was, in his words, “often stormy,” but he said they were “always able to come together at critical moments.”
(7) South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu was active in the struggle to end apartheid. He also was a friend of Nelson Mandela. He praised Mandela for his actions and statements after he was released from prison. Archbishop Tutu said instead of “calling for his pound of flesh, he proclaimed the message of forgiveness and reconciliation.”
(8) In the United States, President Barack Obama called Mandela an influential, brave and profoundly good human being. Mr. Obama said Mandela will be remembered for leaving a free South Africa at peace.
(9) “I am one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Nelson Mandela’s life. My very first political action — the first thing I ever did that involved an issue, or a policy, or politics — was a protest against apartheid. I would study his words and his writings. The day he was released from prison gave me a sense of what human beings can do when they’re guided by their hopes and not by their fears.”
(10) President Obama said flags at the White House and other government buildings will be lowered through Monday in honor of Nelson Mandela. Few foreign leaders are honored by the United States in this way.
(11) Former presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush also praised Mandela as a champion of freedom, human dignity and equality. Another former president — George H.W. Bush — called Mandela “a man of tremendous moral courage” who changed the direction of history in his country.
(12) In London, British Prime Minister David Cameron called Mandela a true global hero. In his words, a great light has gone out in the world.
(13) Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called Mandela, “one of the most honorable figures of our time.” Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called him “a symbol of freedom from colonialism and occupation.” He called Mr. Mandela’s death “a great loss.”
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- What can you remember about Nelson Mandela? How has he changed his country?
- Does your country have any issues about racism? How does your government deal with it?
- Please explain how you do the funeral rites in your country.