Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- fossil fuel /ˈfäsəlˈfyo͞oəl/ (n.) a fuel (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) that is formed in the earth from dead plants or animals
- atoll /ˈatˌôl/ (n.) a ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral
- administer /ədˈminəstər/ (vb.) to manage the operation of (something, such as a company or government) or the use of (something, such as property)
- grid /grid/ (n.) a network of electrical wires and equipment that supplies electricity to a large area
- turbine /ˈtərˌbīn/ (n.) an engine that has a part with blades that are caused to spin by pressure from water, steam, or air
* Read the text below
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(1) Officials say the islands of Tokelau in the South Pacific Ocean have become the world’s first territory totally powered by the sun. The move is expected to save money and ease the environmental burden of depending on imported fossil fuels.
(2) New Zealand’s foreign affairs minister released a statement about The Tokelau Renewable Energy Project. Murray McCully said Tokelau’s three main atolls, or islands, now have enough solar capacity to meet all of their electricity needs. He said until now, Tokelau has been one hundred percent dependent on diesel for producing electricity. That, he said, has burdened the country with heavy economic and environmental costs.
(3) The three atolls of Tokelau are Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofo. The group of islands is about halfway between New Zealand and Hawaii and is administered by New Zealand. Together they have about one thousand five hundred citizens.
(4) Each atoll received its own solar power grid system. New Zealand officials estimated the cost of the project to build the three solar grids at around seven million dollars. The last of the grids was completed earlier this month.
(5) It is estimated that oil imports make up to thirty percent of national income in some parts of the Pacific. The move to solar power could save Tokelau about one million dollars a year. One project coordinator said Tokelau would now be able to spend more on social programs to help its citizens.
(6) Other South Pacific islands are attempting similar projects. The island nations of Samoa and Tuvalu are aiming to get all of their electricity from renewable sources by twenty-twenty. The Cook Islands plans to start moving to solar panels and wind turbines. And most houses in the South Pacific groups of islands will begin to use solar water heaters.
(7) East Timor’s government has promised that no households in the capital, Dili, would be using firewood for cooking by twenty fifteen. It also says fifty percent of the country’s electricity will come from renewable sources by the end of the decade.
(8) New Zealand Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully says the country will hold a Pacific energy summit in March next year. He said the meeting would build on the success of clean and affordable energy solutions for Tokelau, Tonga, and the Cook Islands.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- Imagine yourself without electricity, can you survive without electricity? Why or why not?
- Are you familiar with solar energy? Do you know any other place or country using this kind of energy?
- Do you think solar energy can replace nuclear energy in your country? Is solar energy a reliable source of power? Support you answer.
*Let’s make English compositions using the words from the article.
(1) fossil fuel
EX) The move is expected to save money and ease the environmental burden of depending on imported fossil fuels.
EX) The group of islands is about halfway between New Zealand and Hawaii and is administered by New Zealand.