★☆☆Words and Their Stories: Baseball Terms

2012年10月29日 ★☆☆, 2013年6月以前の記事, American Life & Culture, News Articles, VOA.

Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.

*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.


*Read the words carefully.

  1. batter /ˈbatər/ (n.) a player who is trying to hit the ball
  2. ballpark /ˈbôlˌpärk/ (n.) a baseball stadium or field
  3. pinch hitter /ˈpɪntʃˈhɪtər/ (n.) to act or serve in place of another person; substitute
  4. extreme /ikˈstrēm/ (adj.) reaching a high or the highest degree; very great
  5. attempt /əˈtem(p)t/ (vb.) make an effort to achieve or complete something, typically a difficult task or action


Words and Their Stories: Baseball Terms

* Read the text below

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(1) Baseball is America’s national sport. So it is not unusual that many popular expressions come from baseball. But first, let me explain a little about the game.

(2) Each baseball team has nine players. The pitcher of one team throws the ball to a batter from the other team. The batter attempts to hit the ball. If he misses, it is called a strike. If a batter gets three strikes, he loses his turn at bat and is called out. The batter also is out if he hits the ball in the air and an opposing player catches it. But if the batter hits the ball and it is not caught, the batter tries to run to one or more of the four bases on the field. The batter can run to all four bases if he hits the ball over the fence or out of the ballpark. Such a hit is called a home run.

(3) Now, here are some common expressions from baseball. Someone who is on the ball is intelligent and able to do a good job. But a person who threw a curve ball did something unexpected. Someone who steps up to the plate is ready to do his or her job. A pinch hitter takes the place of someone else at a job or activity.

(4) A person who strikes out or goes down swinging attempted something but failed. We also might tell the person that three strikes and you are out. But someone who hit a home run or hit it out of the park did something extremely well.

(5) Sometimes I have to give information quickly, without time to think it over. Then I would say something right off the bat. If someone is doing an extremely good job and is very successful, you might say he or she is batting one thousand.

(6) If I say I want to touch base with you, I will talk to you from time to time about something we plan to do. I might say I touched all the bases if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity. And if I covered my bases I was well prepared. However, someone who is way off base did something wrong or maybe even dishonest or immoral. A person with strange ideas might be described as out in left field.

(7) Let us say I want to sell my car but I do not know exactly how much it is worth. If someone asks me the price, I might give a ballpark figure or a ballpark estimate.

(8) If someone offers me an amount that is close to my selling price, I might say the amount is in the ballpark. However, if I say we are not in the same ballpark, I mean we cannot agree because my ideas are too different from yours.

(9) Finally, when a situation changes completely, we say that is a whole new ballgame.


*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below

  1. What is your country’s national sport? Do you play the said sport?
  2. Do you consider sports an exercise? Why? What do you do to keep your body in shape?
  3. What do you think is the best baseball position? Short-stop or the pitcher?


English Compositions

*Let’s make English compositions using the expressions from the article.

(1) Sometimes I have to give (noun) quickly, without time to think it over.

EX) Sometimes I have to give information quickly, without time to think it over.

(2) A person with strange ideas might be described as (adjective).

EX) A person with strange ideas might be described as out in left field.