Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- investor /ɪnˈvɛstər/ (n.) a person who uses their own money to purchase stock in a company or to buy property in order to make future profit
- ethnic /ˈeTHnik/ (adj.) relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition
- pessimism /ˈpesəˌmizəm/ (n.) a tendency to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen; a lack of hope or confidence in the future
- withdraw /wiT͟Hˈdrô/ (v.) remove or take away (something) from a particular place or position
- dispute /disˈpyo͞ot/ (n.) a disagreement or argument
* Read the text below
MP3 Download (right-click or option-click and save)
(1) A recent study shows that investors are concerned about conditions in Kenya. The nation is preparing for general elections in March twenty thirteen. But, the Kenyan business community is showing less confidence in the health of the country’s economy.
(2) The Kenya Private Sector Alliance and the Synovate research group reported the findings. Synovate researchers talked to one hundred forty-five business leaders between July and August. A measure of the leaders’ confidence, or trust, was down fifty-three percent. That compares to between sixty and seventy percent a year ago.
(3) Patrick Obath is chairman of the Kenya Private Sector Alliance, or KEPSA. It represents more than two hundred Kenya-based companies. Patrick Obath says investors’ trust has fallen because of recent ethnic violence and political problems.
(4) PATRICK OBATH: “We normally do a survey every six months on the business community to look at the various indicators that show the way the economy is going and the kind of fears they have, so this is a regular thing that we do. But this particular one showed indications that there is obviously some pessimism about the economy as a result of the activities that normally lead up to the election.”
(5) He also says he knows of some investors are withdrawing their investments. He says two behaviors could lead to economic problems before the elections.
(6) PATRICK OBATH: “Two things happen, one is that if there is any investment to be done it is delayed until after the election, once things are clearer. The second thing that we have experienced is that also the spending of people changes because people are also a bit more conscious and they tend to keep money aside just in case things don’t go the way that they expect. So that downturn is what we normally see every year before election.”
(7) Kenya experienced ethnic violence after disputed presidential elections in December two thousand seven. At least one thousand three hundred Kenyans were killed. More than three hundred thousand others fled their homes to escape the unrest.
(8) Since then, Kenyans have experienced four years of relative security. A new constitution is in place. It is meant to prevent the kinds of anger and political struggles that caused the violence five years ago.
(9) But Kenya is not completely calm. Many people have died because of ethnic violence between competing communities in the Tana Delta area. Patrick Obath says the violence has not helped investors’ confidence. He says it also harms his country’s image around the world.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- Have you ever invested your money in a business or invested your time in a certain relationship? How did it go?
- Do you think investing in businesses can lead to a better life? What do you think is the best business to invest in?
- What is the economic status of your country? Is it progressing or declining? Are you doing something to help your country’s economy?
*Let’s make English compositions using the expressions from the article.
(1) He says he knows of some (noun) are (verb) their (noun).
EX) He also says he knows of some investors are withdrawing their investments.
(2) (Noun) experienced ethnic violence after (verb) (noun) in December two thousand seven.
EX) Kenya experienced ethnic violence after disputed presidential elections in December two thousand seven.