*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- refrigeration /rɪˈfrɪʤəˌreɪt/(n.)
- fermented /fɚˈmɛnt/ (adj.)
- preserved /prɪˈzɚv/ (adj.)
- seafood /ˈsiːˌfuːd/ (n.)
a leafy vegetable that has several forms
the ability to keep something such as food cold to keep it fresh
gone through a chemical change that results in the production of alcohol
protected from losing freshness
fish and shellfish that live in the ocean and are used for food
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(1) Some people will start to sweat just hearing the word “kimchi.”
(2) Kimchi is made from a vegetable called cabbage. And it is an important part of Korean culture.
(3) So important that the city of Seoul held a festival last week celebrating the traditional Korean dish.
(4) The kimchi festival is part of city official’s efforts to keep older traditions alive in the country. These traditions are no longer very popular.
(5) Technology and the modern world make the complex process of traditional kimchi-making unnecessary. The name of this process is kimjang.
(6) Thousands of people attended the event, called the Kimjang Festival. Organizers made the open public area near Seoul’s main city government building into kimchi production lines.
(7) Volunteers mixed almost 50 tons of cabbage with kimchi sauce. The sauce combines hot peppers and specially prepared seafood. Combining the cabbage and sauce creates the spicy sour food.
(8) Seoul Mayor Park Won-soon joined in the event. Also, Korean traditional dancers and musicians gave the event more of a cultural feeling.
(9) Before modern methods of production and refrigeration, Korean families and communities would come together to make kimchi. Because kimchi is fermented with salt, it is preserved.
(10) Kimchi-making happened after the fall harvest but before the first snow. Traditionally, it was stored in jars buried in the dirt to maintain temperature.
(11) “It is sad that this culture is [disappearing].”said festival organizer Sohn Hyung-chae.
(12) Koreans still eat kimchi nearly every day. Kimchi can be bought in markets year-round. Also, modern life is fast and busy. Few people have time to make large amounts of kimchi the way they did before.
(13) Kimjang is an important part of Korean Culture, though.
(14) The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, or UNESCO, is a special organization that works to protect and share cultures around the world. UNESCO listed kimjang as part of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
(15) This is UNESCO’s international list of the most important traditions of human culture.
(16) Many Koreans also see kimchi as a necessary part of their diet.
(17) “We can eat a large amount of food during winter, as we can make [many different] kinds of dishes with kimchi,” said festival volunteer Chun Seong-hee.
(18) Foreigners joined in the activities. But, some do not enjoy the Korean national food. Natalia Sukhora is a Russian citizen living in Seoul.
(19) “It’s a bit spicy for me because I’m from Russia,” she said.
(20) The festival ran for three days. There were demonstrations of different kinds of kimchi. There were also classes to learn how to make special kimchi dishes. On the last day organizers made the open public area into a cabbage garden. The garden had over 5,000 plants and games for children.
(21) Organizations that help poor people will receive much of the kimchi made at the festival. Festival organizers say they will donate most of the 50 tons of kimchi to these organizations.
(22) North Korea is a much poorer nation than South Korea. North Korea will not receive any of the kimchi made at the festival in Seoul. But, organizers hope to create a kimjang festival next year that includes both countries.
(23) This will let the organizers share the traditional food with Koreans in both countries.
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