Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- incite /ɪnˈsaɪt/ (vb.) to move to action
- invader /inˈvādər/ (n.) a person or group that invades a country, region, or other place
- collapse /kəˈlæps/ (v.) to fail or stop working suddenly : to break down completely
- conflict /ˈkɑ:nˌflɪkt/ (n.) strong disagreement between people, groups, etc., that results in often angry argument; disagreement between ideas, feelings, etc.
- fingers cross /ˈfɪŋgɚs ˈkrɑ:s/ (idiom) you hope that you will be lucky and that something you want to happen will happen.
* Read the text below
MP3 Download (right-click or option-click and save)
(1) Nigerian doctor Uche Amazigo has received the Prince Mahidol Award for outstanding efforts in public health. Dr. Amazigo recently traveled to Thailand to receive the award. She has been a leader in sub-Saharan Africa in the fight against the disease known as river blindness.
(2) The disease begins when people are bitten by the black flies that spread the infection. The disease is known as river blindness because the flies live near fast-moving rivers and streams.
(3)Tiny worms spread throughout the body. This incites the body’s immune system to attempt to fight the invader. But the body’s intense immune response can destroy the eye nerves.
(4) The cause of the disease was first identified in Guatemala almost 100 years ago. River blindness continues to be a serious health problem in many African nations and in Yemen.
(5) Medical treatment lasting as long as 20 years is necessary to keep victims free from the parasite that causes the disease.
(6) Dr. Amazigo is a former director of the World Health Organization’s African Program on Onchocerciasis. That is the medical name for river blindness.
(7) She describes how medical workers have sometimes had to struggle to deliver medicine, vitamin A and bed nets, to protect against the flies.
(8) “We had huge challenges in southern Sudan. We started the program in 1999 — it collapsed because of conflict. We went back in 2001. It collapsed because of conflict, and we’re back again in 2010. Now we cross our fingers.”
(9) Dr. Amazigo successfully organized local treatment operations in communities. Now 117,000 communities under 19 African governments treat the disease locally.
(10) In 1987, the drug manufacturer Merck launched a program to provide a medicine called ivermectin to all those affected by the disease. The company said it would provide the treatment for free as long as necessary through the community directed program.
(11)The infection not only causes blindness. It also causes a painful skin disease. Doctor Amazigo says the effects are especially difficult for women. Women are often socially rejected when their skin shows early signs of the disease.
(12)But she says victims are more accepted now. She also says health providers and governments recognize community operations as very important to educating more than 120 million people at risk for the disease.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- Have you ever experienced a body disease that altered your body image? If yes, How did you cope up with this condition?
- Looking at the situation in sub-Saharan Africa, would you consider the poor physical condition of their environment as one factor that worsens the condition of an infected individual? Please explain your answer.
- Would you permit a qualified individual with visual disability to enter in a company? Why and Why not?
*Let’s make English compositions using the words from the article.
EX) This incites the body’s immune system to attempt to fight the invader.
EX) We started the program in 1999 — it collapsed because of conflict.