Read and understand the story. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- pursue /pɚˈsu/ (v.)
- annoy /əˈnoɪ/ (v.)
- assertive /əˈsɚtɪv/ (adj.)
- mention /ˈmɛnʃən/ (n.)
- whitewash /ˈwaɪtˌwɑːʃ/ (v.)
- If you are going to change a part of your political system, what would it be and why?
- Who is Shinzo Abe? Are you satisfied on how he runs the Japanese government? Why or why not?
- Do you enjoy talking about politics? Why?
to try to get or do (something) over a period of time
to cause (someone) to become slightly angry
confident in behavior or style
a short statement about someone or something
to prevent people from learning the truth about (something bad, such as a dishonest, immoral, or illegal act or situation)
* Read the text below
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(1) Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his allies easily won a two-thirds majority in Parliament on Sunday. The victory was large although the Japanese economy has fallen into recession under his conservative policies.
(2) Mr. Abe’s win will permit him to continue economic reforms. At the same time, he can also pursue policies likely to increase tensions with Japan’s neighbors
(3) Prime Minister Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party and its ally, the Komeito Party, increased their majority in Japan’s House of Representatives.
(4) He praised the victory.
(5) “I am relieved that we have managed to continue our ruling coalition with the Komeito party. But at the same time this is also a great responsibility.”
(6) Mr. Abe says this victory shows that voters support continuing his economic program, known as Abenomics. The program raised taxes to control the nation’s large public debt, pushing the economy into recession. The election win will make it easier to pass unpopular reforms like deregulating labor and farm policies.
(7) It also will probably let Mr. Abe follow a nationalist program likely to annoy South Korea and China. In the last year, Mr. Abe angered his northeast Asian neighbors by visiting a place honoring military service members. They included war criminals who died in World War Two.
(8) His administration’s efforts to amend school history books involving Japan’s actions during the war also have caused other countries to protest. The administration has tried to remove mention of the military’s enforced use of women as sex slaves.
(9) Park Hwee-rhak teaches political science at Kookmin University in South Korea. He says seeing Mr. Abe move away from these strong emotional issues would ease tensions.
(10) Park Hwee-rhak teaches political science at Kookmin University in South Korea. He says seeing Mr. Abe move away from these strong emotional issues would ease tensions.
(11) He said, “I think northeast Asia – China, South Korea and Japan – is not ready to view history objectively. So I hope (Mr.) Abe will emphasize practical policies which can guarantee peace or mutual prosperity in northeast Asia and not focus on the history.”
(12) He said, “I think northeast Asia – China, South Korea and Japan – is not ready to view history objectively. So I hope (Mr.) Abe will emphasize practical policies which can guarantee peace or mutual prosperity in northeast Asia and not focus on the history.”
(13) Japan also has competing claims with both South Korea and China over two different chains of islands in the East China Sea.
(14) Its closest neighbors are worried about Mr. Abe’s support for changing the country’s constitution to make the military more assertive. The document is based in pacifism – a belief that conflicts should be settled through peaceful measures.
(15) Sejong University political science professor Hosaka Yuji says Japan is more concerned about China’s growing military strength.
(16) He says Japan also needs to increase its armaments so it will not lose in an arms competition with China, which is gaining military ability. He says Japan needs to have its own military, but that requires a change to its constitution.
(17) The United States supports the expansion of the Japanese military so it can take a larger part in the alliance between the two nations. But American officials have criticized attempts to whitewash Japan’s wartime history.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below