Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- family planning /ˈfam(ə)lē ˈplaniNG/ (n.) the use of birth control to determine the number of children there will be in a family and when those children will be born
- reproductive /ˌrēprəˈdəktiv/ (adj.) relating to or involved in the production of babies, young animals, or new plants; relating to or effecting reproduction
- abortion /əˈbôrSHən/ (n.) a medical procedure used to end a pregnancy and cause the death of the fetus
- contraceptive /ˌkäntrəˈseptiv/ (adj.) a drug or device (such as birth control pills or a condom) that is used to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant
- demographic /ˌdeməˈgrafik/ (adj.) of or relating to the study of changes that occur in large groups of people over a period of time
* Read the text below
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(1) A new report says greater access to family planning methods would save developing countries more than eleven billion dollars a year. The United Nations Population Fund says the savings would come from reduced costs of care for mothers and newborn babies.
(2) These are some of the findings from this year’s “State of World Population” report:
(3) Two hundred twenty-two million women in developing countries cannot get birth control or other family planning services. An investment of four billion dollars a year would provide these women with reproductive information to reduce unplanned pregnancies and unsafe abortions.
(4) An investment of about two billion dollars a year would provide enough contraceptives to meet the needs of developing countries.
(5) The report says increased access to family planning is a good economic investment. Having fewer children has long paid a so-called demographic dividend to rich countries in Europe and North America. Population Fund spokeswoman Diane Stewart says one-third of the growth of Asia’s “tiger” economies is the result of increased use of family planning services.
(6) “To be able to choose the number of children and when you start having children, so that has dramatically changed the way people live in many countries. They’re able to live longer and healthier lives because of family planning, and it also has a positive multiplier effect on development because of the increased savings that are possible within the family and the investment in economic growth that that brings about.”
(7) Sub-Saharan Africa has some of the biggest unmet needs for family planning services. The report says modern contraceptives are not widely available in countries such as Chad and Niger. But Ms. Stewart says providing contraceptives in developing countries is not enough. There are social, political and legal barriers that prevent access to birth control. In many cultures, women are encouraged to have large families and to avoid or limit the use of contraceptives.
(8) The Population Fund says family planning helps countries reduce poverty. A recent study said Nigeria’s economy would grow by at least thirty billion dollars if the fertility rate fell by just one child per woman in the next twenty years.
(9) Ms. Stewart says family planning is a global challenge.
(10) “There are unmet needs for family planning in every country in the world. And a lot of that has to do with poor, disadvantaged, marginalized groups in many countries who don’t have access to the kinds of services and products that they need in order to plan their own families, space their children and prevent unintended pregnancies.”
(11) She says studies show that abortion rates fall in countries where people have access to modern methods of family planning.
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- Are you married? If yes, did you plan how big your family will be and how many children do you have now? If not, when do you plan on getting married and having children?
- Can you say that your country’s population is stable? How can a country’s population affect the economic condition of a country?
- Why do you think family planning is being implented? Is it being followed in your country? Please explain your answer.
*Let’s make English compositions using the words from the article.
(1) family planning
EX) The report says increased access to family planning is a good economic investment.
EX) An investment of four billion dollars a year would provide these women with reproductive information to reduce unplanned pregnancies and unsafe abortions.