Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- depend on /dɪˈpɛnd ˈɑːn / (phrasal v.) to be determined or decided by (something)
- automobile /ˌɑːtəmoʊˈbiːl/ (n.) a vehicle used for carrying passengers on streets and roads
- fiercely /ˈfirs/ (adv) very violent
- worthless /ˈwɚθləs/ (adj.) having no financial value
- union /ˈjuːnjən/ (n.) an organization of workers formed to protect the rights and interests of its members
* Read the text below
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(1) Today, we tell about the word “wildcat.”
(2) Humans have always depended on animals. From the beginning of human history, wild animals provided food, clothing and sometimes medicine.
(3) We may not depend as much on wild animals now. But we hear about them every day. Americans use the names of animals in many ways.
(4) Many companies use animals to make us want to buy their goods. Automobile companies, for example, love to show fast horses when they are trying to sell their cars. They also name their cars for other fast powerful animals.
(5) Automobile manufacturers and gasoline companies especially like to use big cats to sell their products. They like lions, tigers and wildcats.
(6) When Americans say “wildcat,” they usually mean a lynx, an ocelot or a bobcat. All these cats attack quickly and fiercely. So wildcats represent something fast and fierce.
(7) What better way is there to sell a car than to say it is “as fast as a wildcat”? Or, what better way is there to sell gasoline than to say that using it “is like putting a tiger in your tank”?
(8) An early American use of the word “wildcat” was quite different. It was used to describe members of Congress who declared war on Britain in 1812. A magazine of that year said “the wildcat congressmen went home.” It said they were unable to face the responsibility of having involved their country in an unnecessary war.
(9) “Wildcat” also has been used as a name for money. It was used this way in the 1800s. At that time, some states permitted banks to make their own money. One bank in the state of Michigan offered paper money with a picture of a wildcat on it.
(10) Some banks, however, did not have enough gold to support all the paper money they offered. So the money had little or no value. It was called a “wildcat bill” or a “wildcat bank note.” The banks who offered this money were called “wildcat banks.”
(11) A newspaper of the time said those were the days of “wildcat money.” It said a man might be rich in the morning and poor by night.
(12) “Wildcat” was used in another way in the 1800s. It was used for an oil well or gold mine that had almost no oil or gold in it. Dishonest developers would buy such property. Then they would sell it and leave town with the money. The buyers were left with worthless holes in the ground. Today, wildcat oil wells are in areas that are not known to have oil.
(13) Yet another kind of wildcat is the “wildcat strike.” That is a strike called without official approval by a union. During World War II, an American publication accused wildcat strikers of slowing government production.
*Let’s talk about the article based on the questions below
- Do you like animals? What is your favorite animal?
- What is a wildcat money? What is the most honest way to earn money?
- Are there any unions in Japanese companies? what is the advantage and disadvantage of a union member?