Read and understand the story. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- censorship /ˈsɛnsɚˌʃɪp/(n)
- database /ˈdeɪtəˌbeɪs/ (n.)
- website /ˈwɛbˌsaɪt/ (n.)
- blockage /ˈblɑːkɪʤ/ (n )
the system or practice of censoring books, movies, letters, etc.
a collection of pieces of information that is organized and used on a computer
a place on the World Wide Web that contains information about a person, organization, etc., and that usually consists of many Web pages joined by hyperlinks
something that stops something (such as blood) from moving through something (such as a blood vessel)
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(1) Internet users in Russia will no longer be able to make use of a large database of stored webpages. Critics say the new restriction apparently resulted from a single website that government officials do not like.
(2) Russia’s attorney general gave the order to block the website known as “The Wayback Machine.” The official said the country has rules that bar young people from sites that contain sexually-related material or extremist activities.
(3) The Wayback Machine stores images of webpages from as early as 1996. It contains almost 500 billion stored images.
(4) The Russian government says the block is needed to keep dangerous information from reaching young Internet users. But free speech activists argue the ban is just the latest move by the government to remove anything on the Internet it finds objectionable.
(5) A group known as the Russian Pirate Party blames a stored webpage, called “Solitary Jihad in Russia,” for the blockage. The webpage states that Islamic law “must be instituted all across the world.”
(6) A Russian Internet agency blocked the website in June. The agency says the blockage is needed to protect boys and girls.
(7)But the Wayback Machine still contains an earlier image of the webpage. Russian authorities said they had no choice but to ban the Wayback Machine. Rublacklist.net reports access to the site was blocked at the end of June.
(8) The Internet Archive, a non-profit group, hosts the Wayback Machine. The American technology company Google says the site’s database has over 35 trillion webpages. Researchers and others use it to see what websites looked like at different times in the past.
(9) The Wayback Machine captures images of webpages from all over the world. The database also gives readers a chance to read news reports and compare them with their local media.
(10) Over the last year, Russia has increased its censorship of the Internet.
(11) In May, a Russian agency sent letters to the U.S.-based web services Twitter, Facebook, and Google. The letters asked for large amounts of private information on Russians who use their services. They also asked for the removal of webpages that called for “unsanctioned protests” in Russia.
(12) The Russian government has also banned websites operated by opposition party leaders and independent media.
(13) Recently, a member of the Russian parliament called for a complete ban on the social media site Facebook. He was critical of Facebook’s app that lets supporters of same-sex marriage add a rainbow filter to their profile pictures.
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