Read and understand the article. If you may have any difficult words to pronounce and words you cannot understand, always ask your teacher.
*Teachers will divide the article into 2-3 paragraphs to help you understand and check the pronunciation of the difficult words.
*Read the words carefully.
- preexisting /ˌpri:ɪgˈzɪstɪŋ/ (adj.) existing at an earlier time; existing before something else
- dead heat /ded-hēt/ (n.) a situation in or result of a race in which two or more competitors are exactly even
- stabilize /ˈstābəˌlīz/ (vb.) to become stable or to make something stable; to make something steady
- energize /ˈenərˌjīz/ (vb.) to give energy or excitement to someone or something
- fervor /ˈfərvər/ (n.) a strong feeling of excitement and enthusiasm
* Read the text below
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(1) This week, the two main candidates for president of the United States held their final debate before the November sixth election. After the debate, opinion surveys showed a close race between President Obama and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney.
(2) Recently, the two men have been visiting states that could help decide the election. Each state has a set number of electoral votes based on its population. In all states but two, the candidate who wins the popular vote wins all of that state’s electoral votes. The candidate receiving at least two hundred seventy electoral votes becomes president.
(3) On Wednesday, Mr. Obama declared he would pull “an all-nighter,” going from California to Florida, to Virginia and then Ohio. This week, he also made campaign appearances in Nevada, Iowa, Colorado and Illinois. Mr. Romney targeted Nevada, Iowa and Ohio. Historically, no Republican Party candidate has won the presidency without first winning Ohio’s electoral votes.
(4) At some campaign stops, Mr. Obama used the term “Romnesia” — combining his opponent’s name with the word that describes someone who forgets things.
(5) “If you can’t remember what you said just a week ago, if you can’t remember the plans on your own web site, and you’re worried you might be coming down with a case of Romnesia, I want you to know Obamacare covers pre-existing conditions. We can make you well.”
(6) In Illinois, Mr. Obama became the first president to mark his ballot before the presidential election. A short time later, he spoke of the ease of voting early, saying the process takes the worry out of having to make sure you vote on a single day.
(7) On Friday, Mr. Romney urged his supporters in Ohio to vote early. More than thirty states offer some form of early voting.
(8) Earlier in the week, Mr. Romney promised to improve education and get the economy going. He also said that Mr. Obama’s campaign is beginning to weaken.
(9) “His campaign gets smaller and smaller and focused on smaller and smaller things. Our campaign in about big things. Because we happen to believe that America faces big challenges, we recognize that this a year with big choice and that Americans want to see big changes, and I am going to bring it this country.” 10-25-12 cnpk US Pol
(10) The former governor has also used his campaign events to criticize the way President Obama has directed the economy. In one speech, he asked supporters if they could deal with four more years of twenty-three million Americans looking for a good job.
(11) As the election nears, many observers are still not sure who will win. Phil Wallach works at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC.
(12) “I think the race has stabilized at a dead heat and I think it’s likely that we will go into Election Day not knowing who’s going to come out the winner.”
(13) Mr. Wallach believes that, in the end, the president will be re-elected.
(14) But another observer, Scot Faulkner, believes Mr. Romney is now in leading in the final days of the campaign. He adds that as the end of campaign nears, both candidates are urging voters to get out and vote early.
(15) “It’s going to be energizing their base. They already know who their base votes are and making sure they get out and vote. And at the moment Romney has the fervor [excitement] factor over Obama, but Obama has the ground game over Romney so that makes for a very interesting final phase.”
*Let’s talk about the article base on the questions below
- Please explain how your country appoints the head of government. Do you like this process or would you prefer having elections?
- What is your idea of a good leader? What must a leader do to change the country? Support your answers.
- Did you ever finish a contest in which both you and your opponent were in dead heat or in a tie? What did you do as a tiebreaker?
*Let’s make English compositions using the expressions from the article.
(1) The two men have been visiting (noun) that could help decide the (noun).
EX) Recently, the two men have been visiting states that could help decide the election.
(2) Mr. Romney (verb) to improve (noun) and get the (noun) going.
EX) Mr. Romney promised to improve education and get the economy going.